Six classifications and material differentiation methods for plastic protective film

- Jul 19, 2019-

1. Biaxially oriented polypropylene protective film (BOPP): The biaxially oriented polypropylene protective film is obtained by coextruding polypropylene particles into sheets and then stretching in both directions. Due to the orientation of the stretched molecules, the film has good physical stability, mechanical strength, air tightness, high transparency and gloss, and is tough and wear resistant. It is the most widely used printing film at present, and the thickness is generally 20~ 40 μm, the most widely used is 20 μm. The main disadvantage of biaxially oriented polypropylene film is poor heat sealability, so it is generally used as the outer film of composite film. For example, it is ideal for moisture resistance, transparency, strength, stiffness and printability after being combined with polyethylene film. Contains dry foods. Since the surface of the biaxially oriented polypropylene film is non-polar, the crystallinity is high, and the surface free energy is low, the printing performance is poor, the adhesion to the ink and the adhesive is poor, and the surface is required before printing and compounding. deal with.

  2, low-density polyethylene protective film (LDPE): low-density polyethylene protective film is generally made by two processes of blow molding and casting. The thickness of the cast polyethylene protective film is uniform, but it is rarely used because of its high price. The blown polyethylene film is blown from the blow molding grade PE particles by a blow molding machine, and has a lower cost, so it is most widely used. Low-density polyethylene film is a translucent, lustrous, soft-textured film with excellent chemical stability, heat sealability, water resistance and moisture resistance, freeze-resistant and boilable. Its main disadvantage is its poor barrier to oxygen. It is commonly used in the inner film of composite flexible packaging materials, and it is also the most widely used and widely used plastic packaging film, accounting for more than 40% of the consumption of plastic packaging film. . Since the polyethylene molecule does not contain a polar group and has high crystallinity and low surface free energy, the protective film has poor printing performance and poor adhesion to ink and adhesive, so before printing and compounding Surface treatment is required.

3. Polyester protective film (PET): The polyester protective film is a protective film material made of polyethylene terephthalate as a raw material, formed into a thick sheet by extrusion, and then biaxially stretched. It is a colorless, transparent and lustrous film with excellent mechanical properties, high rigidity, hardness and toughness, puncture resistance, friction resistance, high temperature and low temperature resistance, chemical resistance, oil resistance, air tightness and aroma retention. Good, it is one of the commonly used barrier composite film substrates. However, the price of the polyester film is relatively high, generally 12 mm in thickness, and is commonly used as an outer layer material for retort packaging, and has good printability.

4. Nylon protective film (PA): Nylon film is a very tough protective film with good transparency, good gloss, high tensile strength, high tensile strength, good heat resistance and cold resistance. It is excellent in abrasion resistance and organic solvent resistance, abrasion resistance and puncture resistance. It is soft and has good oxygen barrier properties. However, it has poor barrier to water vapor, and has high moisture absorption and moisture permeability. Poor, suitable for packaging hard articles, such as greasy foods, meat products, fried foods, vacuum-packed foods, cooked foods,